Every ocean is deep and mysterious in its own form. But when we talk about Mariana Trench things go little weird. because its the deepest hole in the ocean with many unsolved mysteries.
The Mariana Trench, found in the western Pacific Ocean, is the deepest part located in any ocean. It’s a 1,580-mile crescent-shaped section in the crust of the Earth. The truly impressive part of the Mariana Trench has nothing to do with its length and everything to do with its depth. The trench goes at least 36,070 feet deep.
1. Its deeper than the tallest mountain.
Mount Everest being the tallest mountain in the world is well-renowned among mountain climbers because of its insane height and weather conditions. If you ever place Mount Everest inside Mariana Trench there would still be one mile left underwater.
2. It is believed that many ancient and unseen living creatures are still inside.
Despite the lack of light and the hostile, numerous number of organisms live inside Mariana Trench. There are more than 200 micro-organisms and other living creatures active inside in Mariana Trench.
Some of them also believes the existence of Megalodon - an extinct species of shark that lived approximately 23 to 3.6 million years ago, but no physical sightings has been captured of that monster till date.
3. When was it discovered ?
In 1875 during the undertaking of a global circumnavigation. It was found by utilizing sounding equipment on the HMS Challenger. It was named for the nearby Mariana Islands.
This undertaking expedition during 1872-1875 was a huge revolution under the world of oceanography. During that time the ship went 70,000 nautical miles exploring the ocean waters, Shockingly, 4700 new species were discovered during the search.
4. The Challenger Deep is the Deepest.
Some points of the trench are deeper than others. The deepest part of the trench is called the challenger deep.It was named for two ships that have explored its depths with the sounding equipment HMS Challenger 1 and the HMS Challenger 2.
5. First Person to travel to the bottom of Mariana Trench.
Scientist Jacques Piccard and US Navy Lieutenant Don Walsh earned the place of travelling and exploring the bottom of the Mariana Trench for the first time ever. This incident took place in 1960 and was a successful mission.
6. Whats the Temperature like inside Mariana Trench ?
Many people expect the waters of the ocean to be chilled cold as no sunlight reaches its depth while this also come out to be true. The water temperature ranges between 34 to 39 degrees Fahrenheit. But the question is can the water get hot too ? Yes the water gets hot too.
There are hydrothermal vents throughout the trench. The water that comes out of those vents would be enough to scald anyone at 700 degrees Fahrenheit. Anyone without any hard vessel who tries to reach those vents will be crushed instantly due to tremendous amount of pressure built into the depths.
7. Fascinations Made By A Hollywood Director.
James Cameron, the famed director, manned an expedition to the bottom of the Mariana Trench in 2012. While there, he took pictures – the first snapshots ever in the Challenger Deep.
To reach his goal, Cameron had a 24 foot submersible designed that had a window which was 9 and a half inches thick to withstand the enormous pressure of the deep.
8. Its was named as a US National Movement.
The Mariana Trench was named as a US National Movement under the Presidential Rule of George W Bush who signed the act in 2009.